Ghana's Journey To Digitalization, A Way For National Development

Ghana's Journey To Digitalization, A Way For National Development



Three professionals and practitioners withinside the facts and communications generation (ICT) area have defined the authorities’s time table to boost up improvement via the digitalisation of public region offerings as an vital springboard for task creation.

However, whilst admitting that a properly-functioning digitalised financial system might be a car for the green jogging of the country, the 3, in separate interviews, agreed that the achievements fashioned simplest the foundation, and that it become now time to construct.


The 3 are the co-Founder of Rancard Solutions, Mr Ehi Binitie; the Founder of SoftTribe, Mr Herman Chinery-Hesse, and the Founder of AlexPay, a fintech company, Mr Moses Kanduri.


While Mr Binitie, who's additionally the Founder of Clear Space Labs, desired the authorities to transport past the basics and empower generation abilities to leverage the foundation, Mr Chinery-Hesse entreated the authorities to set up Artificial Intelligence (AI) to formulate tailor-made rules to result in the wished improvement.


Similarly, Mr Kanduri stated the authorities ought to decentralise the software of digitalisation to all sectors and go away it to the non-public region to guide.


“The adoption of latest kinds of innovation to enhance education, fitness, transportation, etc, which has made digitalisation a sought-after method for improvement, is viable due to the fact Ghana’s virtual infrastructure is currently now no longer wherein it was once 10 years ago,” he stated.


Pre-price range interviews


Their feedback come  days in advance of the presentation of the 2022 Budget and Economic Policy to Parliament, wherein the Finance Minister, Mr Ken Ofori-Atta, is anticipated to define plans to deepen the digitalisation time table, capabilities schooling and the merchandising of entrepreneurship as a part of the Ghana CARES (Obaatan pa) programme.


The GH¢100-million programme is being applied to get the financial system revitalised via sure area of interest interventions, along with the 3 cited above. It additionally goals the kids as an awful lot as viable.


The advice via way of means of the professionals additionally ties in with the megatrends compiled via way of means of the audit and advisory firm, KPMG, at the massive troubles in an effort to have an effect on the worldwide financial system withinside the subsequent 20 to 30 years.


Megatrends are a chief movement, sample or fashion rising withinside the macro surroundings; an rising pressure in all likelihood to have a extensive effect at the sorts of merchandise customers would need to shop for withinside the foreseeable destiny.


According to KPMG, how green governments are capable of reply to the 9 megatrends might decide, to a big extent, their survival degree and the way properly they may meet the wishes in their citizens, along with developing sufficient possibilities.


The 9 international megatrends that KPMG used for its 2022 pre-price range survey are demographics, rights of people, allowing generation, financial inter-connectedness, public debt, financial electricity shift, weather change, useful resource strain and urbanisation.


Use AI


Mr Chinery-Hesse stated AI might quickly decide how companies and all human sports have been conducted, for which purpose Ghana ought to be properly organized to take complete gain of the blessings related to such generation.


Consequently, he stated, the authorities ought to make stringent efforts to create its very own records structures that could rent AI.


“The destiny is structures; the destiny is AI, so we must be very cautious now no longer to get re-colonised due to the fact if the records we speak approximately do now no longer stay in structures that belong to Ghana or Ghanaians, then how do they gain us? What are we selling?” he quizzed.


Let’s flow past foundation


For Mr Binitie, digitalisation could translate into monetary boom most effective in a know-how economic system that prioritised excessive era capabilities. “Our digitalisation schedule has most effective laid the foundation. The evolution of this is to start to take it to the subsequent step.


They are all foundational and essential for a virtual economic system, however the best useful resource in a virtual economic system is the know-how useful resource and Ghana has no scarcity of clever and gifted people,” he stated.


Context


The Vice-President, Dr Mahamudu Bawumia, has been championing a digitalised economic system considering that 2017.


The National Identification Authority (NIA), that's in fee of issuing the Ghana Card, is now transferring to some other degree in which it's miles integrating the data with different systems.


Databases which have connected up with the NIA machine encompass the ones of the Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA), the Registrar-General’s Department, the Electoral Commission and the Social Security and National Insurance Trust (SSNIT).


The Controller and Accountant-General’s Department has requested employees paid from the Consolidated Fund to check in for the Ghana Card.


Aside from the Ghana Card, the purchase of passports and drivers licences has been semi-automatic and there's a re-registration of SIM playing cards with using the Ghana Card.


The banking region has skilled one of the maximum consummate kinds of digitalisation, with the Ghana Interbank Payment and Settlement System (GhIPPS) being the middleman and facilitator for allowing interoperability amongst banking systems.


At a lecture on Digitalisation on the Ashesi University more than one weeks ago, Vice-President Bawumia stated the approach had, considering that 2017, been now no longer simply to restore the “machine” however construct a new “machine” via virtual transformation.


“A machine with particular identity numbers for the population, a machine with addresses for all homes and locations, a machine this is obvious and promotes accountability, field and trustworthiness and a machine this is inclusive and now no longer primarily based totally on who you know,” Dr Bawumia had stated.


He stated the predicted dream changed into additionally to create a machine that supplied green public provider shipping and tackled corruption, a machine that stepped forward performance withinside the fitness region and a machine that supplied economic inclusion and a coins-lite economic system.


Foundational


Mr Binitie informed the Daily Graphic in an interview that the subsequent venture changed into developing past the beaches of the country.


He stated he desired Ghana to coins in at the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which he stated offered new possibilities for exchange throughout the place.


“It is the time to develop past our partitions if we need to be the electricity residence of innovation and entrepreneurship.


Our attitude ought to be past Ghana, so each coverage on innovation wishes to additionally have a take a observe exchange, in order that what's created can be advertised past Ghana, and that ought to be coverage driven,” he explained.


He mentioned that the richest international locations withinside the global have been now no longer wealthy due to the fact that they'd herbal assets however due to the fact they produced superior era that might effortlessly be exported for tremendous financial returns.


Decentralise digitalisation


For his part, Mr Kanduri stated in international locations in which digitalisation had won ground, it changed into now no longer the authorities main the pressure, however that it instead supplied the allowing surroundings and the coverage framework that favoured younger personal people to guide the pressure.


“If we don’t redirect the focal point of the digitalisation pressure and inspire younger innovators to guide the pressure, we are able to omit the actual improvements that might result in monetary boom,” he stated.


He referred to as at the authorities to component into its digitalisation pressure a experience of decentralisation, in order that the constructing of the virtual infrastructure could be segmented into areas or districts, in step with their urgent wishes.


He stated the adaptability of the interoperability infrastructure, for instance, changed into now no longer the identical throughout the country, because the want for it is probably focused in extra commercially possible regions than a rural farming community.


“The adaptability of the virtual pressure will now no longer be the identical throughout the country.


Every district or place has its personal needs and what virtual answers it calls for and could have cost for, so we need to have a take a observe this improvement from a decentralised factor of view,” Mr


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